It was established in British India by Lord Curzon in 1896 as a part of his reforms to create a class of “highly educated but less expensive” civil servants, who would serve primarily in provincial administration.
The Indian Police Service (IPS) was created by the British Raj in 1861, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The service was retained after independence in 1947 and continues to serve under constitutional safeguards for protection against arbitrary dismissal or interference with its functioning.
The Indian Forest Service was established as an All-India service on 1 April 1864 by The Indian Forest Act, 1878. It is the oldest Central Civil Services, with its antecedents going back to the Imperial Forestry Service and earlier to the Imperial Department of Woods and Forests in Britain.
The IES was first introduced in 1924 and was open only to male candidates until 1976, when it became open to women as well. The exam has been held annually since then, except from 1942–1946 due to World War II.
Indian statistical services are used in a variety of fields such as agriculture, industry, education, health and social welfare. The Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is the premier institute in India for training and research in statistics. It was founded by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in 1931.